Known as a “seed” fibre, this textile took over linen in popularity from the 19th century. A shrub native to tropical and sub-tropical regions, the use of cotton is known to date prehistoric times, it clothed the ancient people of India, Egypt and China. Today China is the biggest producer of this crop, to the extent that there is probably few persons on earth that do not have at least one cotton garment in their wardrobe. This favoured natural fibre has high breathability and good temperature regulation and a wonderfully soft texture that we all know and love. Unlike synthetics, it does not pill, emit static electricity, prematurely age or trap perspiration. Cotton transforms well into so many garments, whether that be into sweaters, t-shirts, trousers, denim jeans, socks, bags, shoes and jackets, it is indeed versatile and wrinkles far less than linen. In ancient Peru the fibre was used to make fishing nets, it is now used for upholstery, and bed linens. The seeds are used for furniture padding, cotton swabs, and the seed centres for cotton-seed oil. The husks feed cattle and other left over parts for flour, oil refining and other industrial products.

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